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Alloy Carbon Steel

Alloy Carbon Steel

Carbon steel and alloy steel have several advantageous qualities. An alloy of iron and carbon, carbon steel normally has up to 2% of carbon by weight. It is frequently used in the manufacturing of steel structures, bridges, machinery, equipment, and other infrastructure. On the other hand, alloy steel is a variety that has carbon together with one or more alloying elements, which are typically other metals like manganese, chromium, and nickel. Axles, shafts, and gears are examples of high-strength components that frequently use alloy steel. 

Choosing steel is a difficult task when producing CNC machined parts and components. This article will go over the differences between alloy and carbon steel as well as its kinds, uses, alloying components, and qualities. This will assist you in selecting the ideal steel for your project and obtaining the best components and finished goods.

What is Alloy Steel?

A variety of alloying elements, including silicon, chromium, molybdenum, boron, vanadium, nickel, aluminum, etc., are combined with alloy steel. The alloy steel’s strength, toughness, hardness, and wear resistance are all increased by these alloying components. Below is a list of some alloying elements along with their effects. The mechanical qualities of the steel are improved by these alloying components.

  • Nickel: Promotes corrosion resistance and fortifies and strengthens materials.
  • Vanadium: Increases toughness, strengthens, and increases resistance to corrosion
  • Tungsten: Strengthens and toughens, increases resistance to corrosion
  • Chromium-Vanadium: This alloy has significantly increased tensile strength, making it strong but easily pliable and sculpt able.
  • Cobalt: Strengthens, increases toughness, and improves hardness.
  • Manganese: Increases resistance to strain, hammering, shocks, and surface hardness.
  • Chromium: Raises hardness, increases wear resistance, and improves toughness.
  • Molybdenum: Strengthens and increases resilience to heat and shock.

Type of Alloy Steel:

  • High-Alloy Steel: Its alloying element content is high. With up to 12% chromium, stainless steel is the most popular kind of high alloy steel. The latent layer is the thin oxide coating of chromium that forms outside of the steel. Extended protection against erosion is provided by the high concentration of chromium. Compared to low-alloy steel, this kind of alloy is slightly more expensive. As a result, it is typically utilized in industrial and automotive equipment.
  • Low-Alloy Steel: This type of steel contains fewer alloying components, often between 1 and 5 percent. Depending on the alloy, this steel has varying strengths and uses. Furthermore, this kind of alloy is used in large-diameter flanges to obtain particular mechanical qualities. As a result, low alloy steel can be used for many different applications across numerous industries, including seamless rolled ring forging and studding outlet manufacture.
  • Tool Steel: Tool steel is an alloy steel specifically designed for use in tool manufacturing. In addition to additional elements like chromium, manganese, and/or tungsten, it has a high amount of carbon. Tool steels are perfect for use in cutting and drilling tools because of their exceptional hardness and durability.

Uses of Alloy Steel:

Many industrial sectors use alloy steel, which aids in the production of hundreds of goods. For many different sectors, they are the most demanding material due to their exceptional strength, hardness, toughness, and machinability. As a result, alloy steel is perfect for a wide range of industries, including the railway, automotive, mining, and industrial sectors.

  • Mining Industry
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Construction Industry

What is Carbon Steel?

Steel that has carbon as the primary alloying element is known as carbon steel. Generally speaking, it has more carbon than alloy steel. Carbon steel has numerous uses, such as in hand tools, construction materials, and automobile parts. It has a reputation for being robust and long-lasting, and it can be heat-treated to become harder.

Types of carbon Steel:

  • Low Steel Carbon: The most popular and extensively utilised type of carbon steel is low-carbon steel. Its carbon content is less than 0.25%. Because low carbon steel is typically softer, weaker, and more ductile than other steels, it can be cheaply machined and welded.
  • Medium-Carbon Steel: Heat treatment can be used to enhance the mechanical properties of this metal, which has a carbon content between 0.25% and 0.6% and a manganese content between 0.6% and 1.65%. Compared to lower carbon steel, medium carbon steel is tougher and less ductile.
  • High Carbon Steel: High carbon steel is the hardest kind of carbon steel; it has a high wear resistance, low ductility, and is constantly tempered and hardened. Furthermore, the ranges of their manganese and carbon contents are 0.3-0.9% and 0.6-1.25%, respectively.

Uses of Carbon Steel:

Because of its great adaptability, carbon steel is used in many different industries, particularly in the petrochemical and oil and gas sectors. To illustrate the extensive use of carbon steel in the market today, we have compiled a list of examples of its uses across several industries, including:

  • Pressure vessels
  • Pipes used in shipbuilding
  • Building

As We Alloy Carbon Steel are committed to provide best and varieties of products at reasonable, best price to customers. To know more about our products just click and give us chance to serve you and fulfill your requirements.


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ALLOY CARBON STEEL are stockiest; supplier and manufactures of carbon steel, alloy steel, tool steel, mold steel. We have experience of more than 50 years in iron and steel industries. 

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Phone no- 8076217931

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Alloy Carbon Steel

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Email id- sumit_garg_1@yahoo.co.in

Website Link- http://alloycarbonsteel.com/

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